Hacking is an art that brings technology to a new level. I prefer to view it as something positive. Hacking has a new meaning in the twenty-first century. The good hackers are few to count and the malicious ones are now defining the profession. However, the good hackers still come together for the good of mankind while the bad ones are merging too to see a way to make illegal gains from the profession. The USA Patriot act gave a hard blow on hackers by increasing the sentence for the crime from five years to 10 years. It also gave the right to intelligence officers and cyber crime fighters to investigate Hackers without obtaining any court order. This has made some significance because Hackers have been made more vulnerable to exposure. They can’t hide for too long. Evidence shows that all the most noted cyber criminals have been caught and brought to book.

   The good Hackers

Following the article on www.guardian.co.uk about Good hackers, it shows that the good hackers are bringing their hacking skills together to see how they can improve on internet data. The event is a feast which they call Hackathon. They come together to this feast occasionally to learn from each other and see how they can unite their ideas and bring up something that is new and beneficial to the internet community.


    When creativity is driven by the edge to improve on human life and services, it brings glory. The good Hackers are celebrating their skills in daylight and in media spotlight while the bad hackers are in the hiding. 






      Phishing emails and website are very common now in the age of technology. Scamming have reach a whole high level and many people have little knowledge on how to distinguish a phishing website from a legitimate website. This is the main reason behind the success of many cyber-criminals these days. I will be given you some slight details to distinguish a phishing website from a legitimate website. To begin with, i will advise you to take the online Phishing test to determine your knowledge about phishing emails and websites.

Some information to note about phishing emails and websites.

  Check on spelling and bad grammar. Most cyber-criminals are good at making grammatical errors and spelling errors. If you see an email or a website with spelling errors, know that it may be a phishing email or website.

check on the links to make sure it corresponds to the company’s website address. Just place your mouse on the link to see the encrypted code, if it does not match those of the company, know that it is a phishing email. Most companies too don’t send links through emails. This should be an added alert.

See if there is any threat in the words you read. For example,  if they write that if you do not carry out this action, you are going to lose everything, know immediately it a phishing email or website.

Phishing phone calls

   Phishing phone calls are many these days. I have received many in the past months because i have been a victim of phishing emails and websites many times in the past. I had little knowledge about phishing emails and websites and i had responded to these emails and fill forms on phishing websites putting in my cell number. Each time i tell them that i’m not interested but they never give up. They will wait for some months and still call back. How patient they are! Anyway, this is what they do for a living.




Fair Use


     The doctrine of fair use has protected many people doing copyright in the sense that it sets the standards for use of another person’s work. There was a lot of confusion before about what is right and what is not. recreating other people’s work was a scary act because it could lead to a law suit. DJs, re-mixers and re-users now have a set of rules to follow when doing their work. 

  Google wins through doctrine of fair us.

The doctrine of fair use have four distinct rules that determines if there has been fair use in remixing or reusing a work. These were the rules that a judge used to give Google a win over scanning books from some libraries. James Grimmelmann, a copyright scholar called this ruling a near complete victory for the libraries. Scanning books doesn’t affect the market situation for hard copies is the most decisive point over Google’s initial victory over Guild. This case will set precedence over other cases concerning fair use.

Ideas have similar meaning therefore should be shared for improvement.

No one’s thought is unique. We all borrow from one another to perfect our skills and work. The same as linguist borrow  words from other languages, so are the re-mixers. Fair use makes a lot of sense to creators because everybody gets credits for his or her own ideas. Although the new is mixed with the old; the creator of the old work get his or her credits for the old work while the creator of the new work get credits for the new work. No one is a loser; everyone profits. creators don’t intend to strip people of their work and get all the credits. Their intend is to open the eyes of consumers about the greatness of a masterpiece. They take a masterpiece and carry it into another dimension that elevates it to a greater level of appreciation.




Remix of music


       When we hear of a remix, we mostly think of a blend of two music producing a more pleasing effect. This is why most remixes are highly criticized. We expected the blend to be better than the original. Since music grows old or may become monotonous and displeasing, we are always seeking for something new; something that does not sound the same as the one we used to hear. 

   Doctrine of fair use:

        As mentioned in Wikipedia, contemporary music are mostly produced in digital audio work station, which allow producers to reorganize tracks and apply various effects. This is a way of making music more appreciable or sound different from the original version. It is the desire of the audiences to “taste” different versions of a song or music. This brings about a question of choice and the question of fair-use. Does the copyrighted material affect the market of a protected work? If it does, then there is no fair use. As mentioned by Daniel A. Tysver on the topic, “Fair use in Copyright,” this question is the most important determinant of fair  use. It is the impact the remix have on the market that decides if there was any fair use. But since doing remixes are a way of improving standards, will there ever be fair use?


        I have always loved remix because it is a blend that brings the best of both worlds together. Rap is brought into slow songs to make it “hotter.” It is remixes that gave birth to a new domain of music called RnB (Rap and Blues). When the original music becomes boring, we play the remix to bring back the excitement.